Simple P48 for electret mic capsules

Building a Simple P48 circuit for your electret mic capsule is as simple as it sounds. I put the following diagram together to help beginners better visualize how everything is connected to the XLR.

Simple P48 wiring diagram
Super Simple P48 wiring

How to wire up the Simple P48 to an XLR

Simple p48 wiring diagram

First, one leg of the resistor is wired through the shield tab to pin 1,

Then, the 4.7uF (25 volt minimum) capacitor is placed upside down in between the solder lugs of the XLR, bend down the leg on the positive side, connecting it to pin 2 on the XLR. You will need to clip the leg to get it to fit nicely.

Now connect the negative leg of your capacitor with the open leg of the resistor; this junction is the ground for your capsule. You can use a short length of wire to connect it to the capsule.

Last, using another short length of wire, connect the positive tab of your capsule to pin 3 of the XLR and you are ready to test your mic.

It should look something like the picture on the left. Super simple, right?

The Simple P48 circuit works with just about any electret mic capsule. It is best to have a look at the capsules data sheet so you know (at the very least) what the minimum and maximum voltages are. I have used this wiring set up with the Primo Em272, the PUI AOM 5024L-HD, the PUI AUM 4537L-HD as well as various other electrets that I have pulled from vintage cassette recorders and toys. I have even made a vero version of it for use when I have large mic body to work with.

When I first discovered the circuit I was suspicious of the design and the power consumption. I currently use a pair of either PUI AOM 5024L-HD or AUM 4537L-HD mics with my Mix Pre 6 II and I tend to get around 5 hours recording time using an Anker power bank (The PowerCore Slim 10000PD, I always keep a spare charged up in my bag).

The most important factor is that Simple P48 works great and sounds great.

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